Xi’an — home to the world-famous Terracotta Warriors — sharply tightened travel restrictions and told residents to stay home, after several hundred recently reported infections were linked to an initial case at a university in the city.
With Beijing preparing to host the 2022 Winter Olympics in February, China is on high alert as it fights local outbreaks in several cities.
But cases have been bubbling up in recent weeks.
Xi’an reported another 63 cases on Thursday, days after authorities began mass testing all 13 million residents.
Cases from Xi’an have so far spread to five other cities, according to state media, including one traced in Beijing and another in southern Guangdong — fuelling fears about how quickly the virus can spread geographically across the vast country.
From midnight on Thursday, all households may only “send one household member outside once every two days to purchase necessities,” with all others ordered to remain indoors except for emergencies, the city government said in a statement.
Residents “should not leave the city unless necessary,” it said, adding those seeking to leave would have to apply for approval.
All non-essential businesses have been ordered to close.
Large-scale meetings have been suspended, while the museum housing the world-famous Terracotta Army — the 2,000-year-old mausoleum of China’s first emperor — has shut until further notice.
Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan visited Xi’an a few days before the lockdown, and warned the situation was “grave and complicated”.
She urged “swift virus containment measures to curb the spread”, according to the official news agency Xinhua.
China — where the coronavirus was first detected — has slowed new cases to a trickle since the middle of last year, implementing a strict zero-Covid strategy involving tight border restrictions, targeted lockdowns, lengthy quarantines and population tracing technology.
Even a single case can lead to a swift imposition of curbs, and officials deemed to have failed at controlling Covid are often sacked.
State broadcaster CCTV showed Sun meeting local officials and health workers in hazmat suits, before inspecting a series of mobile testing labs.
The country has stepped up already-strict measures as it braces for the arrival of thousands of international athletes for the Olympics in February.
The capital Beijing is demanding negative Covid tests from all visitors and limiting flights from other cities.